The loose association of Egyptian political parties opposed to President Mohammed Morsi say they won’t take part in the upcoming Egyptian elections. If so, the odds increase that the Muslim Brotherhood will win overwhelmingly, though the legitimacy of such a result would be questioned.
CAIRO – An alliance of Egyptian opposition parties decided Tuesday to boycott parliamentary elections in protest at an election law they say favors the Muslim Brotherhood, increasing the chance that Islamists will sweep the vote.
The boycott by liberal and leftist parties opposed to President Mohammed Morsi aims to undermine the legitimacy of the vote and illustrates the polarization that has defined Egyptian politics since Hosni Mubarak was toppled two years ago.
It raises the prospect of an election fought mostly between Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood and more hard-line Islamist groups such as the Salafi Nour Party. The vote is to be held in four stages between late April and June.
The National Salvation Front — an array of liberal and leftist parties struggling to compete with the Islamists — said there should be no elections for the lower house of parliament without a law guaranteeing fair polls.
The law was passed this month by the Islamist-dominated upper house of parliament, which has been exercising legislative power in the absence of a lower house. The Islamists deny opposition accusations that the law divides constituencies in a way that favors the Muslim Brotherhood.
"There can be no elections without a law that guarantees the fairness of the election process and a government that can implement such a law and be trusted by the people," said Sameh Ashour, a spokesman for the NSF, who also called for "real independence of the judiciary."
With deep grassroots networks, the Islamists have won all elections since Mubarak was swept from power during a popular uprising that for a while brought Egyptians together in a display of unity rarely seen since.
Divisions between the Islamists and their opponents have widened since Morsi won last year's presidential election. Tensions spilled into lethal street violence late last year when the president was accused of staging a power grab, accusations the Islamists dismissed as propaganda.
Seeking to pers uadethe opposition to take part, Morsi invited them to talks Tuesday to address concerns about the vote, but the alliance declined to attend. "We tell President Morsi: Talk with yourself and your party," Ashour said.
Morsi went ahead with the talks, anyway.
"I hope these elections will be fully fair," he told the televised meeting attended by Islamists, smaller parties and independents. "We all bear the responsibility, and I bear the most responsibility."
Morsi said he hoped "our dear brothers who did not meet us today" would join the talks at a later date.
If the past is anything to go by, Morsi and the Brotherhood will press on, regardless. In December, he held a referendum on a constitution opposed by the opposition, securing its approval and signing it into law despite fierce protest.
"The call for boycott indicates the lack of trust the opposition has in the Brotherhood government and may also speak to their own capacities to effectively compete, should they run," said Elijah Zarwan, a Cairo-based political analyst.
The boycott means parties led by some of the most prominent non-Islamist politicians will sit out the vote.
Those include the Popular Current led by Hamdeen Sabahy, a leftist who came third in the presidential election won by Morsi in June, and the Dustour Party led by Mohamed ElBaradei, a former U.N. nuclear agency chief.
"This is to protest against the elections law that we did not participate in drafting, and about which our opinion was not taken," said Heba Yassin, a spokeswoman for Popular Current. "We reject the continuation of Morsi's oppressive policies that have led to nothing but more bloodshed and political problems."
The lower house was dissolved last year after a court ruled that the previous election law used to elect it was illegal.
The Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party won about 40 percent of seats in the old lower house, with the Nour Party in second place. The Nour Party announced this week that it would take part in the elections.
Hassan Nafaa, a political scientist and a critic of the Muslim Brotherhood, said the boycott would undermine the legitimacy of the election. But he also foresaw some parties eventually breaking the boycott.
"If one of the front parties decided to enter the elections at a later stage, this will be a major blow," he said.
Police arrested 55 people Tuesday during a failed attempt to reopen Tahrir Square, which has been occupied by anti-Morsi demonstrators since November, a security source said.
State media described the police operation as a "peaceful process" that prompted a violent reaction from street vendors who threw gasoline bombs. Police removed barbed-wire barricades, briefly opening the square to traffic, but they were swiftly re-erected by the youths that man them, the source said.
Additional writing by Tom Perry
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